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Conflict Dynamics

Conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and Asia intersect through flows of people, weapons and resources, creating intricate cross-border conflict systems. These knit the formal and informal, licit and illicit in ways that empower armed actors, enmesh conflict with crime and violent extremism, and ensnare local communities in the network of activities that sustain conflict. XCEPT research on conflict dynamics sheds light on these conflict systems, the transnational networks that sustain them, and how affected communities cope with protracted crisis.

Below you can find and download XCEPT research that helps shed light on these complex conflict dynamics.


Boundary Disputes 

Harith Hasan

26th September 2019

As its authority has weakened, the Iraqi central government’s control over its borders has also eroded.


Much More Than a Border 

Kheder Khaddour

2nd September 2019

Albukamal and Qaim lie on a Syrian-Iraqi boundary that has had regional implications for decades.


30th August 2019

A study of the importance of cross-border trade for livelihoods and the economy of border districts.


6th August 2019

Review of research carried out in Baargal on the eastern side of Cape Guardafui; Bareeda, on the north coast, and Xaabo.


22nd July 2019

The United Arab Emirates is reducing its forces in Yemen, but remains the most powerful actor in the south.


17th June 2019

South Sudan’s subsistence system is being replaced by a market economy – this report looks at the consequences.


XCEPT Workshop: Local, People-Focused Policymaking

26th October 2022
Addressing securitization in conflict zones in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia


16th May 2019

An introduction to the work of The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and the Carnegie Middle East Center on the X-Border Local Research Network....


9th April 2019

The G5 Sahel Joint Force shows that improvised security initiatives are becoming more common in Africa.


22nd March 2019

The Yemen war has opened a subtle but acute season of popular discontent and regional rivalry in Mahra, stuck in a three-players game among Saudis, E...


A Line in the Sand

Kheder Khaddour

22nd February 2019

The Syrian-Iraqi border has become a point of confrontation among regional and international powers.


19th October 2018

In Mahrah Governorate, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are working to curtail Omani influence.


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