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Building evidence on cross-border conflict

The Cross-Border Conflict Evidence, Policy and Trends (XCEPT) research programme brings together world-leading experts to examine conflict-affected borderlands, how conflicts connect across borders, and the drivers of violent and peaceful behaviour.

Funded by UK Aid, XCEPT offers actionable research to inform policies and programmes that support peace.

 

RESEARCH REPORT

12th January 2022
Mobility, opportunity and risk in Hargeisa, Somaliland.

BRIEFING PAPER

16th December 2021
This report considers what impact recent events may have on the Juba Peace Agreement and, more generally, peace and security in Sudan’s conflict affec...

RESEARCH REPORT

30th November 2021
Trade, Taxes and Tensions explores how cross-border trade affects both cooperation and conflict between the states and state-like entities in the Soma...

RESEARCH REPORT

24th November 2021
Contested Commerce examines how continuing political conflicts and the fragile security situation affect cross-border trade in the city of Galkayo, cl...

RESEARCH REPORT

3rd October 2021
Regularly Irregular focuses on the Gaashamo corridor—a series of small border crossings between Ethiopia and Somaliland—to analyze the everyday govern...

RESEARCH REPORT

1st October 2021
Lasanod: City at the Margins examines the economic and political consequences of this ambiguous borderland status, which has led to new forms of reven...

RESEARCH REPORT

2nd September 2021
Southeast Iraq has witnessed considerable protest violence in recent years. This research finds that altering these violent dynamics requires access t...

RESEARCH REPORT

16th August 2021
Unequal Adaptations considers how Little Ice Age (c1640-c1820) and the 1887 introduction of rinderpest can help us better understand the Horn of Afr...

RESEARCH REPORT

16th July 2021
This XCEPT research report examines the intersection of armed actors, gold mining and migration in the tri-border area of Chad, Libya and Sudan. The...

EVENT

14th December 2021
Join the Cross-Border Conflict Evidence, Policy and Trends (XCEPT) research programme for a virtual panel discussion exploring how technology is advan...

EVENT

3rd December 2021
On Tuesday, the 7th of December, XCEPT members Dr Alexander Ramsbotham of Conciliation Resources and Peter Beaumont of Satellite Applications Catapult...

BLOG

1st December 2021
Ethiopia’s devastating civil war recently entered into its second year and, to achieve peace, both sides in the conflict need to accept some difficult...

BLOG

12th November 2021
As an entrenched military elite tries to protect extensive economic and political interests despite no public support, parts of the old regime are rea...

RESEARCH REPORT

2nd September 2021
Southeast Iraq has witnessed considerable protest violence in recent years. This research finds that altering these violent dynamics requires access t...

NEWSLETTER

2nd December 2020
How political, security and socio-economic developments affect the people living in contested borderlands and, reversely, how border dynamics shape ch...

EVENT

19th October 2020
A focus on recent research on local populations’ everyday experience of transnational connectedness in the Horn and the implications for the aid and d...

EVENT

19th October 2020
The session provides insights into the needs of refugees, their coping strategies, family ties abroad, and the adequacy and limitations of the current...

BLOG

2nd October 2020

A Fluid Frontier

Kheder Khaddour

Turkey is altering the nature of Syrian border areas, perhaps presaging more far-reaching steps.

REGIONS

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Newsletter

BLOG

27th January 2022
The attack of January 17 will force the United Arab Emirates to make one of two choices, neither of them desirable.

BLOG

23rd December 2021
Rising pressure against Lebanon from Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states may well be tied to Hezbollah’s role in Yemen.

NEWSLETTER

15th December 2021
Joint bulletin from The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center about recent research and activities.

BLOG

3rd December 2021

What the Taliban’s Rise to Power Means for the Mobility of A...

Haroun Rahimi, Development Consultant and Assistant Professor of Law at the American University of Afghanistan

Haroun Rahimi, from the American University of Afghanistan, explores the multidirectional impact that the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan has had on...

BLOG

1st December 2021
Ethiopia’s devastating civil war recently entered into its second year and, to achieve peace, both sides in the conflict need to accept some difficult...

BLOG

12th November 2021
As an entrenched military elite tries to protect extensive economic and political interests despite no public support, parts of the old regime are rea...

BLOG

20th October 2021
The Iran fuel shipment to Lebanon was significant not because of its size but because of what it signals about regional conflict.

BLOG

14th September 2021
A conversation with Joseph Diing Majok in South Sudan on his scholarship-winning research under the XCEPT programme.

BLOG

25th August 2021

Unfinished Business in Daraa

Armenak Tokmajyan

Regime forces are staging a comeback in southern Syria, and this time Russia may be helping matters.

EVENT

20th January 2022
Join the Cross-Border Conflict Evidence, Policy and Trends (XCEPT) research programme for a virtual panel discussion exploring how technology is advan...

EVENT

7th December 2021
On Tuesday, the 7th of December, XCEPT members Dr Alexander Ramsbotham of Conciliation Resources and Peter Beaumont of Satellite Applications Catapult...

EVENT

22nd January 2021
On Friday, January 22, the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center held a virtual panel discussion to examine the local actors and geopolitical s...

EVENT

20th August 2020
A focus on recent research on local populations’ everyday experience of transnational connectedness in the Horn and the implications for the aid and d...

EVENT

20th August 2020
The session provides insights into the needs of refugees, their coping strategies, family ties abroad, and the adequacy and limitations of the current...

EVENT

19th October 2020
This is an interactive report on how individuals move and interact across borders and transnationally. The report summarises the outcomes of these di...

EVENT

8th July 2020
This discussion, held in Arabic, provides an overview of the geo-political implications of involvement in Yemen.

EVENT

22nd January 2021
To discuss the Algerian-Tunisian border relationship, the Carnegie Middle East Center hosted a virtual panel discussion on Monday, June 22nd. The eve...

Our research

XCEPT consists of three research components with different constellations of research partners:

X-Border Local Research Network

What are the causes and implications of conflict in border areas? How can we develop local research skills to investigate these issues?

Conflict Dynamics and Policy Response

How do conflicts connect across borders throughflows of people, weapons, and resources? How should policy responses adapt?

Violent and Peaceful Behaviour

What behavioural factors drive violence and enable peace? What are the implications for recovery and conflict prevention?  

PARTNERS

Chatham House is a world-leading policy institute, with a mission to help governments and societies build a sustainably secure, prosperous, and just world.

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The Asia Foundation is a non-profit international development organisation committed to improving lives across a dynamic and developing Asia.

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Chemonics International is one of the world’s leading partners in international development. As the world’s largest government funded development practitioner, Chemonics has a unique understanding of what works on programmes across fragile and conflict affected states.

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Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center is an independent research institute based in Beirut, Lebanon, that is part of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

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King’s College London (KCL) is a public research university and a member institution of the federal University of London. Research is core to King’s: it is what we do, what we care about and how we educate.

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The Rift Valley Institute (RVI) is an independent, non-profit organisation, founded in Sudan in 2001, whose researchers currently work across eastern and central Africa.

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Conciliation Resources is an independent international organisation working with people involved in conflict to prevent violence and build peace, and providing advice, support and practical resources.

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The University of Birmingham’s Governance and Social Development Resource Centre (GSDRC) has an extensive record of providing its distinctive demand-responsive research helpdesk service to development policymakers and practitioners since 2001. The helpdesk delivers fast syntheses of research and evidence to support development agencies’ policy and operational needs.

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The Satellite Applications Catapult is an independent, innovation and technology research organisation. Our mission is ‘to innovate for a better world, empowered by satellites. We help organisations make use of, and benefit from, satellite technologies.

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RHIPTO Norwegian Center for Global Analyses is a non-profit centre established to support and supply the UN with a rapid response capacity in the field of environment, development, peace and security. Analysis focuses on conflict, violent extremism and organised crime.

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TWITTER

Voices and opinions from across the border

@XCEPT Research - 27 Jan
The missile and drone attack on an airport near #AbuDhabi on January 17th has forced the United Arab Emirates to reevaluate its role in the #Yemen war, explains @XCEPT_Research partner @CarnegieMEC's Ahmed Nagi: https://t.co/noPZNQgZDo #UAE
@XCEPT Research - 27 Jan
@CRbuildpeace We're proud to partner with the excellent @CRbuildpeace!
@XCEPT Research - 27 Jan
RT @CRbuildpeace: Our friends at @XCEPT_Research, of which we’re proud partners, held an event on how tech is reshaping conflict research.…
@XCEPT Research - 26 Jan
Last week, @XCEPT_Research brought together leading researchers and policy experts to discuss how #technology is reshaping #ConflictResearch. You can now watch this important and timely discussion here: https://t.co/PubBbL58Y0
@XCEPT Research - 25 Jan
RT @MetteBastholm: New recording of @XCEPT_Research panel on how tech is changing conflict research, with brain-tickling insights from @Moa…
@XCEPT Research - 24 Jan
RT @CRbuildpeace: Pastoralism – the practice of livestock herding between grazing- is a vital livelihood for millions in Africa but is beco…
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
@mouthofmorrison @ziadachkar @VigilMonitor That he does 😆. We're fans!
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
@joeblairkey @OnyekaOnline @FCDOGovUK @FCDODigital @InnovateFCDO @RudyB_ We'll share a recording in the very near future.
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
RT @FCDOREDGCSD: So many great questions to chew on in today's event!
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
RT @OnyekaOnline: W/C 17/01 Learned so much at the @XCEPT_Research #XCEPT 'How technology is reshaping conflict research: The profits and p…
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
.@XCEPT_Research would like to thank our expert speakers for their fascinating and ground-breaking contributions to this critical discussion on how technology is reshaping conflict research: @nattyray11 @CharlotteHWatts @MoazzamTMalik @hamarquette & @VigilMonitor’s Alexander Lee https://t.co/f8uWkGEpIT
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
FCDO’s @CharlotteHWatts now reflecting on what she’s heard from the other panellists. “I want to continue to encourage this kind of conversation, on the application of this new tech, and the ethics.” @FCDOREDGCSD
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
"For me the challenge is how do we intersect the ethical questions with what is happening on the ground? If we withhold data from remote sensing for ethical reasons, we may be causing more harm" explains @MoazzamTMalik @FCDOREDGCSD
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
"When you are releasing information in a conflict context, you need to understand that you will never know how actors indigenous to that space will use that information." Warns @nattyray11
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
Q&A: (1) How do you think about the ethical risks involved in sharing the research publicly? (2) This all sounds very remote and far-away - how do you give voice to those on the ground?
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
RT @XCEPT_Research: “We all need to be clear and honest that research findings could feed into intel assessments without researchers knowin…
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
“We all need to be clear and honest that research findings could feed into intel assessments without researchers knowing that it’s happening. Once public research is out there in the world, we have no way of controlling who uses it”, warns @hamarquette @iddbirmingham
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
“We need to move away from a solutions-led to a problem-driven approach”, says next panelist Prof. Heather Marquette @hamarquette. “We need to be driven by the research question, not just the tools available.” @iddbirmingham
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
Ruth Citrin noting other @XCEPT_Research that uses satellite data, including exciting Conciliation Resources research on climate change, pastoralism, conflict, and peacebuilding. @CRbuildpeace
@XCEPT Research - 20 Jan
What are some of the risks associated with using this new tech? One risk is that researchers might accidentally provide actionable intel to bad actors, says Nathaniel Raymond @nattyray11