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Conflict Dynamics

Conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and Asia intersect through flows of people, weapons and resources, creating intricate cross-border conflict systems. These knit the formal and informal, licit and illicit in ways that empower armed actors, enmesh conflict with crime and violent extremism, and ensnare local communities in the network of activities that sustain conflict. XCEPT research on conflict dynamics sheds light on these conflict systems, the transnational networks that sustain them, and how affected communities cope with protracted crisis.

Below you can find and download XCEPT research that helps shed light on these complex conflict dynamics.


21st July 2021

When the Myanmar military reclaimed power in February after a decade of democratic government, it disrupted the delicate peace process with Myanmar’s ...


16th July 2021

This XCEPT research report examines the intersection of armed actors, gold mining and migration in the tri-border area of Chad, Libya and Sudan. The...


23rd June 2021

Joint bulletin from the X-Border Local Research Network about recent research and activities from The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and Malc...


14th June 2021

Border markets on Yemen’s northwestern border with Saudi Arabia gave rise to a distinct economic system and bridged communities. Yet the war in Yeme...


21st April 2021

This report focuses on the borderland region between Sudan and Ethiopia, using gold-mining and trade to examine transnational flows of people and comm...


30th March 2021

The Iraqi-Syrian border continues to be geopolitically restless. Kurdish parties have taken advantage of central government weaknesses to increase t...


18th February 2021

In Baghdad, violence, property and consumption are inextricably linked. This has spawned social-spatial transformations benefitting the political-econ...


11th February 2021

As Egypt and Ethiopia negotiate the details of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, tensions are on the rise. Sudan, which has vested interest in the ...


25th January 2021

By surveying the views of federal and local officials with direct experiences of the decentralisation process in Iraq, this paper seeks to understand ...


22nd January 2021

On Friday, January 22, the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center held a virtual panel discussion to examine the local actors and geopolitical s...


A Senseless Silencing

Sherif Mohyeldeen

21st January 2021

By impeding research, Egypt curtails knowledge that can help resolve crises, especially in border areas.


2nd December 2020

How political, security and socio-economic developments affect the people living in contested borderlands and, reversely, how border dynamics shape ch...


Permission to Kill

Armenak Tokmajyan

22nd October 2020

The rules of what is deemed acceptable political behavior are constantly shifting in Syria, with perilous consequences.


A Fluid Frontier

Kheder Khaddour

2nd October 2020

Turkey is altering the nature of Syrian border areas, perhaps presaging more far-reaching steps.


29th September 2020

As the scope of the fighting in Ma’rib intensifies, the signs of an attritional conflict without end are strengthening.


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