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Conflict Dynamics

Conflicts in the Middle East, Africa and Asia intersect through flows of people, weapons and resources, creating intricate cross-border conflict systems. These knit the formal and informal, licit and illicit in ways that empower armed actors, enmesh conflict with crime and violent extremism, and ensnare local communities in the network of activities that sustain conflict. XCEPT research on conflict dynamics sheds light on these conflict systems, the transnational networks that sustain them, and how affected communities cope with protracted crisis.

Below you can find and download XCEPT research that helps shed light on these complex conflict dynamics.


1st February 2023

Seizing Myanmar’s borders with Bangladesh and India has become central to the Arakan Army’s dream of autonomy and has driven its strategy during times...


21st December 2022

During 2022, XCEPT’s team of researchers experimented with remote data gathering, questioned assumptions about drivers of violence, and uncovered how ...


23rd November 2022

Abdullahi Umar Eggi grew up in a nomadic family in Taraba State, Nigeria, and has undertaken extensive research to understand how and why pastoralism ...


16th November 2022

This briefing considers the changing political situation in Sudan with a particular focus on the future of the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA).


26th October 2022

Addressing securitization in conflict zones in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia


15th September 2022

When the military launched a coup against the civilian government in October 2021, some of the rebel leaders sided with the country’s generals, rather...


XCEPT Workshop: Local, People-Focused Policymaking

26th October 2022
Addressing securitization in conflict zones in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia


24th August 2022

In light of Afghanistan’s regime change, coupled with the pandemic and an already tenuous economic situation, it is critical to understand the livelih...


29th July 2022

Joint bulletin from The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center about recent research and activities....


Liars, Guns, and Money

Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center

22nd July 2022

In this interview, Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center’s non-resident scholar Armenak Tokmajyan talks about Sarmada, Syria’s border with Turke...


19th May 2022

Communities living on either side of national borders often forge deep cultural and economic ties but suffer acutely when countries clash. Borders har...


29th March 2022

In Iraq’s Eastern Basra region, regional conflicts and illicit activity have contributed to environmental decay, which in turn furthers instability. U...


15th March 2022

This briefing paper builds on an empirical study of how the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the health, economic status, and mobility of wage laborers and ...


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