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Violent and Peaceful Behavior

Current conflicts across the Middle East, Asia and the Horn of Africa are underpinned by a multitude of social and cultural factors. These include, but are not limited to, phenomena like the rise of sectarian and identity-based conflict, and the physical destruction of infrastructure and livelihoods.

To mitigate cross-border conflicts, policymakers must understand how exposure to such factors influence an individual or groups’ propensity towards violence. It is equally important to study the conditions that must exist for peace to flourish.

Below you can find and download publications by XCEPT partners that assess the drivers of both violent and peaceful behaviours in the context of cross-border conflict.


22nd January 2021

On Friday, January 22, the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center held a virtual panel discussion to examine the local actors and geopolitical s...


8th July 2020

This discussion, held in Arabic, provides an overview of the geo-political implications of involvement in Yemen.


Permission to Kill

Armenak Tokmajyan

22nd October 2020

The rules of what is deemed acceptable political behavior are constantly shifting in Syria, with perilous consequences.


1st February 2021

Protesters in the marginalized city of Tataouine have successfully forced the hand of Tunisia’s government, becoming an inspiration for other struggli...


22nd January 2020

In Games without Rules, author and former Asia Foundation colleague Tamim Ansary argues that bringing rural Afghanistan under centralized rule has bee...


16th May 2019

An introduction to the work of The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and the Carnegie Middle East Centre on the X-Border Local Research Network


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