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Communities that sit in conflict-affected borderlands are often subject to a complex combination of cultural and geographical factors.

XCEPT’s research into these conflict areas explores local governance, other influential actors, and the alternative institutions and strategies that borderland communities rely upon to protect themselves against violence and abuse. 

It also examines how economic transitions, markets, and trade are affected by changes in the social and political context of a borderland community.

Below you can find and download publications by XCEPT partners that investigate the unique contexts of conflict-affected borderlands.


11th August 2020

The government’s experiment with live cattle exports upset the political economy in northern Shan State, where armed groups are heavily involved in th...


27th July 2020

A lack of opportunities in Mon State has turned some migrants to smugglers to cross back into Thailand illegally.


23rd July 2020

Local politicians in a border region known for its frequent outbreaks of violence hope to transform it into the “next Macau”, but will have to overcom...


22nd July 2020

This report is the second report in a series looking at the relationship between modern-day Puntland, a semi-autonomous region of north-east Somalia, ...


14th July 2020

In southern Syria, the regime, opposition, foreign powers, and local groups navigate a contentious zone of conflict. Any shift in this delicate balanc...


10th February 2020

The country’s suffering has been exacerbated by the rise of internal borders, from which militias have greatly benefited.


5th February 2020

A violent campaign of persecution has driven an exodus of Myanmar’s Muslim Rohingya minority from the northern state of Rakhine into neighboring count...


17th June 2020

The safe return of migrant workers from Thailand amid the pandemic has required an unprecedented degree of cooperation between the government and arme...


22nd January 2020

In Games without Rules, author and former Asia Foundation colleague Tamim Ansary argues that bringing rural Afghanistan under centralized rule has bee...


11th June 2020

Along the Egypt-Sudan border, tensions have been rising for several decades despite limited efforts at cooperation. Both countries need to reexamine t...


7th December 2019

South Sudan’s borderland region with Sudan, in Northern Bahr el-Ghazal, is a hard place to make a living. Jobs are scarce, livelihoods insecure and mo...


27th May 2020

Smuggling goods across the border between Algeria and Tunisia has created a parallel economy for marginalized border populations. Law enforcement and ...


26th May 2020

National response to the virus has rapidly become a new factor in Sudan and South Sudan’s cross-border political economy.


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