This research component of XCEPT examines the drivers of violent and peaceful behaviour. It is led by Chemonics and King’s College London and includes field data collection in Syria, Iraq and South Sudan. The interdisciplinary research team includes experts on conflict, radicalisation and peacebuilding alongside specialists in conflict and health, psychology and neuroscience to explore:

(1) How conflict and extremist violence alters societal norms, how they are employed to sustain violence, and how they can be used to encourage peace.

(2) How conflict trauma, both mental and physical, affects individual and group propensity toward violence and peace – and the implications for preventing future cycles of violence.

(3) How memories and narratives of conflict are transmitted intergenerationally, and how they can be used to support peace and reconciliation.