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Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center

Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center is an independent research institute based in Beirut, Lebanon, that is part of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Drawing on the knowledge of our top regional experts, Malcolm H. Kerr provides in-depth analysis of political, socio-economic, and security issues in the Middle East and North Africa. It seeks to cultivate a deeper understanding of the region by offering insights into the challenges faced by states and citizens, and by addressing long-term trends. As freedom of expression has been increasingly curbed, Malcolm H. Kerr has served as a space for individuals to express their views on the region and reflect on potential solutions.

As a partner in the XCEPT programme’s X-Border Local Research Network, Malcolm H. Kerr conducts research in the borderlands of Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen. A primary focus of this research is to assess how internal conflicts, external intervention, and human loss and displacement are shaping border areas in the Middle East and North African border areas.

Partner Researchers

Lead Researcher
Ahmed Nagi

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Researcher
Armenak Tokmajyan

 Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Lead Researcher
Bader Al-Saif 

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Lead Researcher
Dalia Ghanem  

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Lead Researcher
Mohanad Hage Ali

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Lead Researcher
Kheder Khaddour

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Lead Researcher
Harith Hasan

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Lead Researcher
Hamza Meddeb

Lead Researcher, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Research Director
Maha Yahya

Research Director, Carnegie Middle East Center

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Partner Content

NEWSLETTER

23rd June 2021

Joint bulletin from the X-Border Local Research Network about recent research and activities from The Asia Foundation, Rift Valley Institute, and Malc...

RESEARCH REPORT

14th June 2021

Border markets on Yemen’s northwestern border with Saudi Arabia gave rise to a distinct economic system and bridged communities. Yet the war in Yeme...

ARTICLE

2nd June 2021

Idlib is heavily dependent on the delivery of aid, the disruption of which would almost surely create a humanitarian crisis.

RESEARCH REPORT

27th May 2021

Tunisia’s informal trade networks reflect growing trends: the country’s progressive shift away from Europe, and the rise of Turkey and China as major ...

RESEARCH REPORT

26th April 2021

Sailors Without a Sea

Armenak Tokmajyan

Jordan’s bahhara have suffered from a closed border with Syria, but efforts to resume informal trade ties continue.

ARTICLE

19th April 2021

As border crossings reopen, Jordanian authorities might have to tolerate a degree of informal petty trade with Syria to revive Ramtha’s economy and pr...

ARTICLE

14th April 2021

The new coronavirus is spreading into conflict-affected states. The pandemic and efforts to contain it are much more likely to aggravate and multiply ...

RESEARCH REPORT

31st March 2021

Over time, the Kuwait-Saudi border has developed a unique, flexible approach of firm physical boundaries but open economic boundaries. This approach...

RESEARCH REPORT

30th March 2021

The Iraqi-Syrian border continues to be geopolitically restless. Kurdish parties have taken advantage of central government weaknesses to increase t...

ARTICLE

19th March 2021

Kuwait and Iraq have worked hard to rebuild bilateral ties. Resolving their maritime dispute as part of larger discussions could provide a model of di...

ARTICLE

11th February 2021

As Egypt and Ethiopia negotiate the details of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, tensions are on the rise. Sudan, which has vested interest in the ...

ARTICLE

1st February 2021

Protesters in the marginalized city of Tataouine have successfully forced the hand of Tunisia’s government, becoming an inspiration for other struggli...

ARTICLE

22nd January 2021

On Friday, January 22, the Malcolm H. Kerr Carnegie Middle East Center held a virtual panel discussion to examine the local actors and geopolitical s...

ARTICLE

21st January 2021

A Senseless Silencing

Sherif Mohyeldeen

By impeding research, Egypt curtails knowledge that can help resolve crises, especially in border areas.

ARTICLE

15th December 2020

Because of Covid-19 restrictions, researchers have had to find alternative ways of getting information.

ARTICLE

11th November 2020

Pouring money into health infrastructure will have little effect if qualified doctors have few incentives to stay.

ARTICLE

22nd October 2020

Permission to Kill

Armenak Tokmajyan

The rules of what is deemed acceptable political behavior are constantly shifting in Syria, with perilous consequences.

ARTICLE

2nd October 2020

A Fluid Frontier

Kheder Khaddour

Turkey is altering the nature of Syrian border areas, perhaps presaging more far-reaching steps.

ARTICLE

29th September 2020

As the scope of the fighting in Ma’rib intensifies, the signs of an attritional conflict without end are strengthening.

ARTICLE

14th September 2020

Women are increasingly joining the male-dominated world of smuggling. Could this be the start of a cultural revolution that challenges long-held gende...

RESEARCH REPORT

3rd September 2020

Along the border between Tunisia and Libya, informal trade agreements led to a tight-knit border economy. But political changes in both Libya and Tuni...

RESEARCH REPORT

14th July 2020

In southern Syria, the regime, opposition, foreign powers, and local groups navigate a contentious zone of conflict. Any shift in this delicate balanc...

RESEARCH REPORT

8th July 2020

This discussion, held in Arabic, provides an overview of the geo-political implications of involvement in Yemen.

RESEARCH REPORT

22nd June 2020

To discuss the Algerian-Tunisian border relationship, the Carnegie Middle East Center hosted a virtual panel discussion on Monday, June 22nd. The eve...

RESEARCH REPORT

18th June 2020

The War Comes Home

Ahmed Nagi

The Yemen conflict has affected Saudi border areas and is changing the public’s thinking in the kingdom.

RESEARCH REPORT

11th June 2020

Along the Egypt-Sudan border, tensions have been rising for several decades despite limited efforts at cooperation. Both countries need to reexamine t...

RESEARCH REPORT

8th June 2020

The Syrian-Turkish border has also allowed Turkey to play a greater role in Syria, fulfilling Turkish regional ambitions while also generating economi...

RESEARCH REPORT

3rd June 2020

Beyond the Line in the Sand

Armenak Tokmajyan

Syria’s conflict has transformed the conditions of tribal clan notables who have sought refuge in Jordan.

RESEARCH REPORT

3rd June 2020

A Fluid Frontier

Kheder Khaddour

Turkey is altering the nature of Syrian border areas, perhaps presaging more far-reaching steps.

RESEARCH REPORT

27th May 2020

Smuggling goods across the border between Algeria and Tunisia has created a parallel economy for marginalized border populations. Law enforcement and ...

RESEARCH REPORT

29th April 2020

Living Off the Books

Hamza Meddeb

Economies in the Middle East and North Africa are suffering from supply chain problems due to the coronavirus.

RESEARCH REPORT

27th April 2020

In an interview, Ahmed Nagi discusses the dangers of the coronavirus in a country already facing a terrible conflict.

RESEARCH REPORT

15th April 2020

In an interview, Harith Hasan and Kheder Khaddour discuss their recent paper on the Iraqi-Syrian border.

RESEARCH REPORT

31st March 2020

The Iraqi-Syrian border near Qaim and Bukamal has become a magnet for conflict, as Iraqi and Syrian state actors compete with Iranian-backed nonstate ...

RESEARCH REPORT

31st March 2020

Mahra in eastern Yemen has relied on a tribal code of conduct to escape the worst excesses of the country’s civil war. Localized forms of conflict man...

RESEARCH REPORT

20th February 2020

A Yemeni scholar shares glimpses of his journey through remote eastern Yemen, where the war-torn country’s wealthy neighbors are jostling for influenc...

RESEARCH REPORT

10th February 2020

The country’s suffering has been exacerbated by the rise of internal borders, from which militias have greatly benefited.

RESEARCH REPORT

27th January 2020

An Art Unto Itself

Armenak Tokmajyan

In conducting research in the Middle East, don’t ignore the importance of the personal.

RESEARCH REPORT

26th September 2019

Boundary Disputes 

Harith Hasan

As its authority has weakened, the Iraqi central government’s control over its borders has also eroded.

RESEARCH REPORT

2nd September 2019

Much More Than a Border 

Kheder Khaddour

Albukamal and Qaim lie on a Syrian-Iraqi boundary that has had regional implications for decades.

RESEARCH REPORT

22nd July 2019

The United Arab Emirates is reducing its forces in Yemen, but remains the most powerful actor in the south.

RESEARCH REPORT

27th June 2019

The United Arab Emirates is reducing its forces in Yemen, but remains the most powerful actor in the south.

RESEARCH REPORT

11th June 2019

Self-Propelled Conflict

Michael Young

Carnegie’s Ahmed Nagi discusses his recent trip to Yemen and shares his impressions of the Houthis’ expansion.

RESEARCH REPORT

9th April 2019

The G5 Sahel Joint Force shows that improvised security initiatives are becoming more common in Africa.

RESEARCH REPORT

1st April 2019

Cool Calculating Radicals

Anouar Boukhars

Among jihadi groups in the Sahel, strategic gains not religion often determine a militant’s affiliation.

RESEARCH REPORT

22nd March 2019

The Yemen war has opened a subtle but acute season of popular discontent and regional rivalry in Mahra, stuck in a three-players game among Saudis, E...

ARTICLE

19th March 2019

Despite a hardened border, smugglers continue to find a way. Together, Algeria and Morocco need to de-incentivize smuggling and reduce corruption.

ARTICLE

8th March 2019

African illegal migrants are entering Yemen in greater numbers, despite the ongoing war there.

ARTICLE

22nd February 2019

A Line in the Sand

Kheder Khaddour

The Syrian-Iraqi border has become a point of confrontation among regional and international powers.

ARTICLE

19th October 2018

In Mahrah Governorate, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are working to curtail Omani influence.

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